December 9, 2020
There are many reasons why soy wax makes the best candles: it’s eco-friendly, clean-burning, longer-lasting and provides a far better fragrance throw than other sorts of wax. We’ve spent tons of time researching this; here’s what we’ve found.
Soy wax is a hydrogenated type of soy bean oil which is extracted from soy beans plants, a natural, renewable and sustainable resource. paraffin is formed by removing the waxy substance from petroleum , a byproduct of gasoline refinement; it comes from a fuel , a non-renewal resource. Therefore, using soy wax supports American farmers rather than big oil companies.
When burning candles, wax spills can happen. And if they are doing , soy wax is biodegradable and simply cleaned with basic soap and water; however, paraffin isn't biodegradable or water soluble which makes clean-up far more time consuming and difficult, if not impossible.
In the 1990’s, palm wax grew in popularity as a cleaner, longer-burning alternative to paraffin . Palm wax comes from palm oil, which comes from palm trees; however, out of desperation to enhance their economic conditions, governments of Indonesia and Malaysia have allowed palm producers to clear out a number of the oldest, most diverse rain forests which has contributed to mass deforestation and large growth in CO2 emissions. due to the questionable ethics and environmental impact surrounding this, many suppliers have stopped carrying palm wax thanks to the negative environmental impact it’s causing.
While beeswax is an environmentally safe alternative to paraffin , there are some questionable ethics regarding the treatment of bees wont to produce the wax, including: removal of wings and legs thanks to haphazard handling, intentional removal of the queen bee’s wings so she cannot leave the colony, and even killing bees.
Soy wax produces zero, zip, zilch, nada petrol-carbon soot, which suggests no black residue on walls, drapes and residential furnishings. Because soy wax is non-toxic and burns clean, it's safe for people with asthma and allergies.
Paraffin candles release a petro-carbon soot that stains your walls, furniture and circulates through your air ducts. consistent with the American Lung Association, paraffin contains 11 documented toxins, two of which are known carcinogens: toluene and benzene. Back in 2009 researchers at South Carolina State University also presented comparable findings to the American Chemical Society (source: CNN.com).
Frequently burning paraffin candles also can aggravate asthma, cause allergy-like symptoms and irritate the tract .
Soy wax burns up to 50% longer than paraffin because soy wax features a lower freezing point than paraffin , which suggests it melts at a cooler temperature and doesn’t burn as fast.
“Throw” refers to the discharge of fragrance from a candle: the “cold throw” is that the scent released when a candle is unlit at temperature , the “hot throw” is that the scent released when the candle is burning.
There are a couple of things that contribute to fragrance contribute candle making:
Due to the petroleum base of paraffin , it tends to emit a chemical-smelling fragrance.
Because soy wax comes from a natural source, it emits a more pure, true expression of an equivalent fragrance than paraffin .
While paraffin has been around for hundreds of years , soy wax has only been around for a few decades; soy wax manufacturers continuously refine their formulas to enhance fragrance throw.
According to Nature's Garden: "The molecular structure of soy wax contains various sorts of chemical bonds that make it harder to interrupt down than paraffin . Its structure is more susceptible to trapping scent, than allowing it to evaporate freely. It takes more heat to interrupt down these chemical bonds, therefore, you'll got to use hotter burning wicks when making soy candles." this is often why we use hemp wicks, they burn hotter than cotton producing a far better scent throw.
The flashpoint is that the highest temperature a fragrance oil can reach before breaking down, and it can differ from fragrance to fragrance.
If you add the fragrance oil at too high a temperature, it’ll “burnoff;” however, you would like to form sure the wax temperature is hot enough for the fragrance oil to properly bond with the wax.
If the temperature is just too low, the fragrance won't bond properly.
The FDA regulates what proportion fragrance oil can safely be utilized in bath and body products including soaps, body wash, etc. When candlemakers use fragrance oil that’s safe for bath and body, it comes diluted.
If candlemakers use fragrance oil that’s only rated for candles, it’ll throw a stronger fragrance because it’s not diluted.
Not all fragrances are rated to throw a robust fragrance with soy wax so it’s important to figure with fragrances that are highly rated to figure well with soy wax.
Ratio of wax to fragrance oil
Each sort of wax is rated to carry a special amount of fragrance oil.
While the recommended ratio is usually 1 oz. fragrance oil per 1 lb. wax, waxes are rated to carry more fragrance; therefore, adding more fragrance helps improve the throw.
After weighing out of these factors, we intentionally prefer to use soy wax altogether of our candles; not only does it support our mission for sustainability, it also helps us create a top quality product.
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